Posted on January 2, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Florida ranked 26th out of 50 – having enacted few gun violence prevention laws.
In 2013, the Florida legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Strengthen Gun Regulation
|FL H 1355||Expands mental health prohibitions and reporting of records.|
Among other things, Florida:
- Requires a three-day waiting period prior to purchase of a handgun;
- Imposes liability upon persons who fail to secure their firearms to make them inaccessible to children; and
- Prohibits the transfer or possession of certain types of ammunition.
Florida does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties (although counties may impose such a requirement);
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- License firearm owners;
- Require the registration of firearms;
- Regulate assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”).
Local governments in Florida generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition, and the state requires the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services to issue a license to carry a concealed weapon to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2010, Florida had the 21st highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. That year, Florida was a net importer of crime guns — guns originally purchased in another state that were recovered after being used in a crime in Florida. Florida had the 29th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states.
Florida Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Florida, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.