Posted on January 2, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Hawaii ranked 7th out of 50 – having enacted some of the strongest gun laws in the country.
In 2013, the Hawaii legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Strengthen Gun Regulation
|HI S 69||Requires all gun registration applicants to be fingerprinted.|
Among other things, Hawaii:
- Requires any person who is in the business of selling or manufacturing firearms to obtain a state dealer license, which must be renewed annually;
- Bans most assault weapons and large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Requires all firearm purchasers to obtain a license;
- Imposes child access prevention requirements upon gun owners;
- Requires the registration of most firearms;
- Prohibits the sale of “unsafe handguns;”
- Regulates the possession and sale of ammunition; and
- Restricts the open carrying of handguns and long guns.
Hawaii does not, however:
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Regulate 50 caliber rifles; or
- Require the permanent maintenance of records of firearm sales.
Local governments in Hawaii retain authority to regulate firearms and ammunition, and local licensing authorities in Hawaii have discretion in determining whether to issue a license to carry a firearm.
In 2010, Hawaii had the lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. In 2007, 36 people died from firearm-related injuries in Hawaii. In 2009, Hawaii supplied the lowest number of crime guns to other states per capita. Hawaii exports more crime guns than it imports, however.
Hawaii Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Hawaii, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.