Posted on January 2, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Maryland ranked 4th out of 50 – having some of the strongest gun laws in the country.
In 2013, the Maryland legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Strengthen Gun Regulation
|MD S 281||Strengthens assault weapon ban, bans large capacity ammunition magazines, provides a mechanism to remove firearms from unstable individuals, regulates ammunition possession, requires a handgun license, requires registration for new residents, and requires lost or stolen firearm reporting|
Among other things, Maryland:
- Requires that all private transfers of handguns and assault weapons be processed through a licensed dealer or designated law enforcement agency, who must conduct a background check on the purchaser through the State Police;
- Demands licensure of all dealers in handguns or assault weapons;
- Requires purchasers of handguns and assault weapons to complete a certified firearms safety training course;
- Prohibits any person from purchasing more than one handgun or assault weapon within a 30-day period;
- Imposes a seven-day waiting period prior to the physical transfer of a handgun or assault weapon;
- Provides law enforcement with discretion to deny a permit to wear or carry a handgun;
- Imposes design safety standards for handguns;
- Prohibits the transfer of certain assault weapons and large capacity ammunition magazines; and
- Requires firearm owners to report the loss or theft of their firearms.
Maryland does not, however:
- Impose significant requirements on most long gun transfers; or
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms.
Maryland had the 17th lowest rate of gun deaths per capita among the states in 2010. In that year, 538 people died from firearm-related injuries in Maryland. In 2009, Maryland supplied the 33rd highest number of crime guns to other states, and imports many more crime guns than it exports.
Maryland Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Maryland, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.