Posted on January 2, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Minnesota ranked 12th out of 50 – having enacted some gun violence prevention laws.
In 2013, the Minnesota legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Strengthen Gun Regulation
|MN S 671||Requires submission of records regarding prohibited persons to NICS.|
Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation
|MN H 5||Provides that the state health benefit exchange may not collect information that indicates whether or not an individual owns a gun or has a firearm in the individual’s home.|
Among other things, Minnesota:
- Regulates unsafe handguns;
- Imposes child access prevention requirements upon gun owners;
- Prohibits firearm possession by certain misdemeanants;
- Requires individuals purchasing certain kinds of firearms from a licensed dealer to undergo a background check in addition to the federally required background check, and either comply with a waiting period or obtain a permit; and
- Provides some regulation of the possession and sale of certain “semiautomatic military-style assault weapons,” although the state does not generally ban assault weapons.
Minnesota does not, however:
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a license, although they must comply with certain security measures;
- Require firearm owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Restrict 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines; or
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time.
Local governments in Minnesota generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition, and Minnesota generally requires county sheriffs to issue a permit to carry a handgun to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2010, Minnesota had the seventh lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. In 2009, Minnesota supplied the sixth lowest number of crime guns to other states per capita, and was a net importer of crime guns — guns originally purchased in another state that were recovered after being used in a crime in Minnesota.
Minnesota Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Minnesota, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.