Minnesota State Law Summary

Posted on January 2, 2012

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Last updated December 9, 2013

In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Minnesota ranked 12th out of 50 – having enacted some gun violence prevention laws.

In 2013, the Minnesota legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.

enacted in 2013

Laws that Strengthen Gun Regulation

MN S 671 Requires submission of records regarding prohibited persons to NICS.

Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation

MN H 5 Provides that the state health benefit exchange may not collect information that indicates whether or not an individual owns a gun or has a firearm in the individual’s home.

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Among other things, Minnesota:

Minnesota does not, however:

Local governments in Minnesota generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition, and Minnesota generally requires county sheriffs to issue a permit to carry a handgun to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.

In 2010, Minnesota had the seventh lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. In 2009, Minnesota supplied the sixth lowest number of crime guns to other states per capita, and was a net importer of crime guns — guns originally purchased in another state that were recovered after being used in a crime in Minnesota.

Minnesota Firearms Laws

For details about specific firearms laws in Minnesota, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.