Posted on January 2, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Missouri ranked 39th out of 50 – having enacted few gun violence prevention laws.
In 2013, the Missouri legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation
|MO H 533||Prohibits the state from restricting a state employee from having a firearm in the employee’s vehicle on the state’s property provided and imposes restrictions on local gun buyback programs.|
|MO S 75||Requires that all records regarding firearms possession, ownership or carrying be kept confidential. Requires sheriffs to issue concealed weapon permits (instead of a certificate of qualification for a concealed weapon permit), extends the duration of concealed weapon permits, and requires background checks prior to issuance of concealed weapon permits|
|MO S 252||Prohibits any state agency or department from constructing, providing or sharing records, maintaining, participating in, or developing, or cooperating with the federal government in developing, a database or record of the number or type of firearms, ammunition, or firearms accessories that an individual possesses.|
Among other things, Missouri does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Give local law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed carry endorsement.
In 2010, Missouri ranked 14th among the states in number of gun deaths per capita. In both 2008 and 2009, Missouri had the highest rate of black homicide victimization among the 50 states, according to an analysis performed by the Violence Policy Center. In addition, Missouri had the 15th lowest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2009–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Missouri were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 15 lowest rate among the states.
Missouri Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Missouri, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.