Missouri State Law Summary

Posted on January 2, 2012


Last updated December 9, 2013

In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Missouri ranked 39th out of 50 – having enacted few gun violence prevention laws.

In 2013, the Missouri legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.

enacted in 2013

Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation

MO H 533 Prohibits the state from restricting a state employee from having a firearm in the employee’s vehicle on the state’s property provided and imposes restrictions on local gun buyback programs.
MO S 75 Requires that all records regarding firearms possession, ownership or carrying be kept confidential. Requires sheriffs to issue concealed weapon permits (instead of a certificate of qualification for a concealed weapon permit), extends the duration of concealed weapon permits, and requires background checks prior to issuance of concealed weapon permits
MO S 252 Prohibits any state agency or department from constructing, providing or sharing records, maintaining, participating in, or developing, or cooperating with the federal government in developing, a database or record of the number or type of firearms, ammunition, or firearms accessories that an individual possesses.


Among other things, Missouri does not:

In 2010, Missouri ranked 14th among the states in number of gun deaths per capita. In both 2008 and 2009, Missouri had the highest rate of black homicide victimization among the 50 states, according to an analysis performed by the Violence Policy Center. In addition, Missouri had the 15th lowest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2009–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Missouri were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 15 lowest rate among the states.

Missouri Firearms Laws

For details about specific firearms laws in Missouri, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.