Posted on January 2, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Montana ranked 42nd out of 50 – having some of the weakest gun laws in the country.
In 2013, the Montana legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation
|MT H 459||Prohibits medical providers from conditioning provision of medical care on requirement that patients answer questions about gun ownership.|
|MT S 145||Makes information about concealed weapon permit holders confidential.|
Among other things, Montana does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- License or significantly regulate firearms dealers;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Regulate unsafe handguns;
- Require the licensing of gun owners; or
- Impose registration requirements on firearms.
Local governments in Montana generally lack authority to regulate firearms and ammunition, and Montana requires that local law enforcement issue a concealed weapons license to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2010, Montana had the 25th highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. Montana had the 14th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2009–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Montana were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 14th highest rate among the states.
Montana Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Montana, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.