Posted on January 1, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Ohio ranked 19th out of 50 – having enacted some gun violence prevention laws.
In 2013, Ohio did not enact any new laws regarding firearms.
Among other things, Ohio requires a firearm owner to report the loss or theft of any firearm in the person’s possession or under the person’s control.
However, Ohio does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate ammunition sales;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Provide local governments with the discretion to deny concealed weapons permits.
In 2010, Ohio had the 31st highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. Ohio had the 27th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2009–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Ohio were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 27th lowest rate among the states. Based on data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, in every year from 2006 to 2009, Ohio was one of the top seven interstate suppliers of crime guns. In 2009, Ohio was also the top interstate supplier of crime guns to both West Virginia and Michigan.
Ohio Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Ohio, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.