Posted on January 1, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Oklahoma ranked 35th out of 50 – having enacted few gun violence prevention laws.
In 2013, the Oklahoma legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation
|OK H 1243||Amends the concealed weapon permit eligibility requirements so that the preclusive period for certain violations is shortened.|
|OK H 1622||Allows the carrying of a concealed or unconcealed handguns in a private school or on a private school bus, provided that the school has adopted a policy to allow it and allows firearms at government meetings.|
|OK S 173||Provides immunity from liability for any person, business, or employer who does not prohibit the carrying of firearms on their property, for any harm resulting from failing to prohibit firearms there and provides for a temporary concealed weapon permit for a victim listed in a domestic violence protection order.|
|OK S 977||Provides automatic reciprocity for all out-of-state open carry permits.|
Among other things, Oklahoma does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed parties;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Require the reporting of mentally ill individuals to the database used for firearm purchaser background checks;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Give local law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed handgun license.
In 2010, Oklahoma had the 12th highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. Oklahoma had the 19th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2009–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Oklahoma were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 19th highest rate among the states.
Oklahoma Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Oklahoma, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.