Posted on January 1, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Oregon ranked 18th out of 50 – having enacted some gun violence prevention laws.
In 2013, Oregon did not enact any new laws regarding firearms.
Among its gun violence prevention provisions, Oregon:
- Requires unlicensed sellers to perform a background check at a gun show before transferring any firearm; and
- Has established a voluntary process by which an unlicensed gun seller may request that the Oregon Department of State Police perform a criminal background check on a prospective firearms recipient; the State Police must process such requests.
Oregon also gives law enforcement limited discretion to deny a concealed handgun permit.
Oregon does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties, except at gun shows;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- License or significantly regulate firearms dealers;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate unsafe handguns;
- Significantly regulate ammunition sales; or
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms.
In 2010, Oregon had the 22nd highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. Oregon had the 25th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2009–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Oregon were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 25th highest rate among the states.
Oregon Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Oregon, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.