Colorado State Law Summary

Posted on January 2, 2012


View a comprehensive summary of new state laws enacted in 2013 and 2014.



Among other things, Colorado:

  • Regulates all private transfers of firearms, including at gun shows, and requires that all firearm transfers, with very limited exceptions, be processed by a licensed firearms dealer prior to transfer;
  • Conducts its own background checks on firearm purchasers through licensed dealers and denies a firearm sale if the background check cannot be completed within the three-day statutory period;

Colorado does not, however:

Local governments in Colorado, with the exception of Denver, generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition.

In 2010, Colorado ranked 25th in the number of gun deaths per capita among the states. 555 people died from firearms injuries in Colorado in that year. Colorado is also a crime gun exporter. Based on data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, in 2009, Colorado exported crime guns at almost twice the rate at which it imported them – in other words, guns that had been originally purchased in Colorado were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at twice the rate at which crime guns originally purchased outside Colorado were then recovered inside Colorado. Colorado ranked 19th in the number of crime guns exported.

Colorado Firearms Laws

For details about specific firearms laws in Colorado, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.