There are no child access prevention laws at the federal level. Federal law does prohibit federally licensed firearms dealers from transferring handguns to persons under 21 and long guns to persons under 18. Unlicensed sellers may not transfer handguns to persons under age 18.1 Federal and state laws imposing a minimum age for purchase and possession of firearms are discussed in the section on Minimum Age to Purchase & Possess Firearms. Federal law also requires licensed firearms dealers to provide a secure gun storage or safety device with every handgun purchased or sold, but does not require use of the device.2

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  1. 18 U.S.C. § 922(b)(1), (x)(1) and (2). ⤴︎
  2. 18 U.S.C. § 922(z). ⤴︎