State Law Background
Among other things, Maryland:
- Requires almost all transfers of handguns and assault weapons be processed through a licensed dealer or designated law enforcement agency, who must conduct a background check on the purchaser through the State Police;
- Requires licensure of all dealers in handguns or assault weapons;
- Requires purchasers of handguns and assault weapons to complete a certified firearms safety training course;
- Prohibits any person from purchasing more than one handgun or assault weapon within a 30-day period;
- Imposes a seven-day waiting period prior to the physical transfer of a handgun or assault weapon;
- Provides law enforcement with discretion to deny a permit to wear or carry a handgun;
- Imposes design safety standards for handguns;
- Prohibits the transfer of certain assault weapons and large capacity ammunition magazines; and
- Requires firearm owners to report the loss or theft of their firearms.
Maryland does not, however:
- Do enough to remove guns from domestic abusers and other dangerous people;
- Impose significant requirements on most long gun transfers; or
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms.
Maryland had the 12th lowest rate of gun deaths per capita among the states in 2014. In that year, 544 people died from firearm-related injuries in Maryland. According to data compiled by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, in 2009, Maryland supplied the 18th lowest number of crime guns to other states per capita, and it imports many more crime guns from other states than it exports.
Maryland Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Maryland, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.