State Law Background
- Requires handgun dealers (but not dealers in rifles and shotguns) to obtain a state license;
- Requires individuals subject to a domestic violence protective order to relinquish all firearms and ammunition for the duration of the order; and
- Performs its own background checks for handgun sales (but not sales of rifles or shotguns) from licensed dealers.
However, New Hampshire does not, among other things:
- Require a background check prior to the sale of any firearm from an unlicensed individual;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require that mental health information be reported for use in firearm purchaser background checks;
- Require firearm owners or purchasers to obtain a license;
- Require the registration of firearms;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms or ammunition; or
- Provide local law enforcement with discretion to deny a license to carry firearms.
In 2014, New Hampshire had the 11th lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. While New Hampshire’s gun death rate is still comparatively low, its gun death rate increased four places from 2013. However, based on data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, in 2009, New Hampshire had the 24th highest rate of crime gun exports, exporting three times as many crime guns as it imported. The state was the top supplier of crime guns to Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont.
New Hampshire Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in New Hampshire, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.