State Law Background
Among other things, Ohio requires a firearm owner to report the loss or theft of any firearm in the person’s possession or under the person’s control.
However, Ohio does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate ammunition sales;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Provide local governments with the discretion to deny concealed weapons permits.
In 2014, Ohio had the 20th lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. Ohio had the 23rd lowest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2009–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Ohio were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 23rd lowest rate among the states. Based on data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, in every year from 2006 to 2009, Ohio was one of the top seven interstate suppliers of crime guns. In 2009, Ohio was also the top interstate supplier of crime guns to both West Virginia and Michigan.
Ohio Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Ohio, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.