State Law Background
Among other things, Utah acts as a “point of contact state,” meaning that it conducts its own background checks on individuals purchasing firearms from licensed dealers.
Utah law does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed individuals;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Regulate the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Require the reporting of mentally ill individuals to the database used for firearm purchaser background checks;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period prior to purchase of a firearm;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Afford local law enforcement significant discretion to deny a concealed carry license; or
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms.
In 2014, Utah had the 20th highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. According to data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, in 2009, Utah had the 19th lowest number of crime gun exports per capita, among the states, although it had the sixth highest ratio of crime gun exports to imports. Utah exports crime guns at a rate that is more than three times the rate at which it imports such guns.
Utah Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Utah, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.