Posted on January 2, 2012
Last updated December 9, 2013
In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. Louisiana ranked 40th out of 50 – having some of the weakest gun laws in the country.
In 2013, the Louisiana legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.
Laws that Strengthen Gun Regulation
|LA H 717/S135||Strengthens laws requiring reporting of certain prohibited persons to state supreme court and NICS and provides process for relief from disabilities.|
Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation
|LA H 8||Makes concealed weapon permit records confidential.|
|LA H 98||Authorizes the sheriff of a parish to issue a concealed handgun permit. The permit would only be valid within the boundaries of the parish, unless the sheriff has entered into a reciprocity agreement with a sheriff of a different parish. Would prohibit the dissemination of personal information of applicants.|
|LA H 265||Provides for the issuance of a lifetime concealed handgun permit.|
|LA H 277||Repeals state machine gun regulations and refers instead to federal law regulating machine guns.|
Among other things, Louisiana does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private, unlicensed parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require firearm dealers to obtain a state license;
- Require firearm owners to obtain a license or register their firearms;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition sales;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Give law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed handgun permit.
In 2010, Louisiana had the second highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. 810 people died from firearm injuries in Louisiana in that year. In addition, Louisiana plays a significant role in gun trafficking. Based on data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns (“MAIG”), in 2009, Louisiana ranked 15th among the states in terms of the number of crime guns supplied to other states per capita.
Louisiana Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Louisiana, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.