Generally, Iowa law prohibits any person from selling or transferring a long gun or ammunition for a long gun to a person who is under age 18. Iowa also prohibits any person from selling or transferring a handgun or handgun ammunition to a person under age 21.1

These restrictions are subject to certain exceptions. A parent, guardian, spouse age 18 or older, or another with the express consent of the minor’s parent or guardian or spouse who is at least age 18 may allow a minor to possess a rifle or shotgun and ammunition for lawful use.2 A parent or guardian or spouse who is age 21 or older, of a person between the ages of 14 and 21, may allow the minor to possess a handgun or handgun ammunition for any lawful purpose while under the direct supervision of the parent, guardian or spouse, or while the person receives instruction in the proper use of a handgun from an instructor age 21 or older, with the consent of the parent, guardian or spouse.3

Federal law imposes additional limits.

See our Minimum Age to Purchase & Possess Firearms policy summary   for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Iowa Code § 724.22(1), (2). ⤴︎
  2. Iowa Code § 724.22(1), (3). ⤴︎
  3. Iowa Code § 724.22(5). ⤴︎