Retention of Sales & Background Check Records in Arizona

Posted on January 3, 2012

Arizona has no laws requiring the retention of sales or background check records by firearm sellers. Pawnbrokers are required to maintain at their place of business records of all reportable transactions and pawn tickets for at least two years.1 On proper request by a local law enforcement agent, the pawnbroker must allow the agent to inspect the receipts, pawn tickets or required firearms logs or review any article received by pledge, purchase or trade.2

An Arizona law enacted in 2010 prohibits a political subdivision from requiring or maintaining a record in any form, whether permanent or temporary, including a list, log or database, of any identifying information of a person who purchases, sells or transfers a firearm, unless the transaction involves a federally licensed firearms dealer, or the record is required or maintained in the course of a law enforcement investigation.3

No political subdivision of Arizona may “require the licensing or registration of firearms or ammunition or any firearm or ammunition components. . . .”4 Similarly, another provision states that the prohibition against transferring firearms to minors shall not be construed to require firearm sales reporting, nor shall registration of firearms or firearm sales be required.5

See our Retention of Sales & Background Check Records Policy Summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

  1. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 44-1624(G). []
  2. Id. Furthermore, pawnbrokers must produce their register, exhibit all articles received in pledge or purchase, or produce the account of sales to a local law enforcement agency on the agency’s request, or on service of a search warrant or order issued by a judge or magistrate. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 44-1624(H). []
  3. 2010 Ariz. ALS 327 (enacting Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3108(C)(2. []
  4. Ariz. Rev. Stat § 13-3108(B). []
  5. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3109. []