South Dakota State Law Summary

Posted on January 1, 2012


Last updated December 9, 2013

In our publication 2013 State Scorecard: Why Gun Laws Matter, the Law Center ranked each state based on a review of state laws in 30 different firearms-related policy areas. South Dakota ranked 47th out of 50 – having some of the weakest gun laws in the country.

In 2013, the South Dakota legislature enacted new laws that relate to firearms. These new laws are described below.

enacted in 2013

Laws that Weaken Gun Regulation

SD H 1087 Provides that any school board may allow the arming of school employees, hired security personnel, or volunteers, after obtaining the consent of the law enforcement officer who has jurisdiction over the school.
SD S 166 Provides that a concealed carry permit is valid for 5 years, instead of four years as under current law.
SD S 227 Allows firearms to be carried on a snowmobile by any concealed weapon permit holder on his or her own land.


Among other things, South Dakota law does not:

In addition, in 2009, South Dakota repealed the state’s 48-hour waiting period for handgun purchases.

In 2010, South Dakota had the 16th lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. In addition, based on data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, South Dakota plays a significant role in gun trafficking. In 2009, South Dakota exported crime guns to other states at three times the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.

South Dakota Firearms Laws

For details about specific firearms laws in South Dakota, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.